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Inspired by Ukrainian Sich Riflemen Hymn, Artists Kick In – To Kick Russians Out – KyivPost

Putting the Hymn into Context

Like many different people following occasions in Ukraine, I’ve observed the viral video of the lead guy of Boombox, Andriy Khvylnyuk, on St. Sophia’s Square in Kyiv. He used to be wearing army fatigues appearing a Capella model of the music Oy u luzi chervona kalyna [Oh, the Red Viburnum in the Meadow]. Khvylnyuk coincidentally launched this video on February 27, which might were my past due father’s ninety fifth birthday and that’s once I first heard it. However, I felt that via him best making a song the primary verse of the music, he ignored out the context of Russia’s unprovoked invasion of Ukraine on February 24, 2022. As any person who used to be raised to be a Ukrainian patriot, my figuring out of the music in its complete model is ready a protracted and tough battle with Moscow; and now not simply within the early a part of the 20 th century however stemming again to the second one part of the mid-seventeenth century.

Contemporary Wartime Context

Only 5 days later South African artist David Scott, additionally recognized via his degree title The Kiffness, launched his remix with Khvylnyuk and introduced that every one royalties would cross to assist Ukraine. On his YouTube channel he wrote: “The response to this song has been incredible! In just one day the song has accrued over $7,000 in royalties from Facebook, Bandcamp & You Tube. It gives me great pleasure to give all of that back to Ukraine’s aid.”

On Thursday April 7, 2022 whilst running from house with my native rock station on, I first heard the tale of ways David Gilmour of mythical Pink Floyd had determined to enhance Ukraine after being impressed via Khyvlnyk’s viral video. The music “Hey, Hey, Rise Up!” used to be to be launched in the dead of night that very same night time.

The following day Gilmour used to be interviewed via Ken Bruce of the Raised on Radio YouTube channel. Gilmour’s connection to Ukraine turned into obvious. His daughter-in-law, artist Janina Pedan, is Ukrainian.

“This whole war is a very, very frustrating, and terrible thing to be happening in the modern world today, with a major power like that attacking a small independent nation. Anyway, it struck me that we could make some music with this [reference to Khvylnyuk’s original video] and I started working on it in my studio, trying to turn it into something and I thought that it would be great if we could put this out as Pink Floyd. I called Nick [Nick Mason, drummer, a founder of the group] and said, ‘Hey Nick, do you want to come and play on a track for Ukraine? And we’d put it out and he said, ‘Thrilled! I’d love to.’ So that is where it all started,” Gilmour advised his host. Pedan impressed the paintings for the only, which comprises the nationwide flower of Ukraine, the sunflower, he underlined. All proceeds of this liberate will cross to the Ukraine Humanitarian Relief Fund.

Postcard selling the five-act play ‘Sontse Ruyiny’ [Sun of Ruin], a 5 act play, that includes actor and director Les Kurbas.

Historical Context

I alluded above to the historic significance of this music continuously being known as conventional, although it additionally has its personal backstory. That tale is rooted in a theatrical manufacturing written via Vasyl Pachkovsky a while throughout 1907-08 as a submission to a contest held via Prosvita, a society for conserving Ukrainian tradition (actually ‘enlightenment’), which existed as a counter steadiness to the Russophile and anti-Ukrainian inclinations of the latter part of the nineteenth century. ‘Sontse Ruyiny’ [Sun of Ruin], a 5 act play, won grievance from many critics. Members of the contest jury expressed blended emotions in regards to the paintings: “”The best possible paintings of the ones despatched to the contest”, which he wrote “with talent, but with great stage defects.” The fee drew consideration to the over the top quantity of the paintings, to the lengthy monographs and dialogues,” and thus it could now not be given a degree efficiency.

But the cussed Pachkovsky didn’t accept as true with the critics and determined to post his paintings to some other festival introduced via the regional govt of Galicia of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. His stubbornness paid off within the type of being decided on as one the most efficient 16 submissions, and a prize of 700 crowns, the financial unit of the state. The theatrical team Ruska Besida [Rusyn Conversation] which used to be renamed Ukrainian Besida [Ukrainian Conversation] in 1928, premiered the play on January 28, 1912, below the directorship of Yosyp Stadnyk. The last selection of the primary premiere used to be the Chy ya v luzi kalyna bula [Was there not Viburnum in the Meadow].  Some historians have advised the next hyperlink of a modern model of the unique music which closed Pachkovsky’s play for comparability right here. It is a ways from being the uplifting music we pay attention from Khvylnyuk and plenty of different artists who’ve carried out it in its entirety.

Winds of Change

By the time the primary iteration of the play returned for a efficiency in Lviv on April 13, 1913, the lead position used to be performed via a tender actor born in Sambir who’d studied drama on the Vienna Conservatory. His title used to be Les Kurbas, and he would play crucial position in Ukrainian theatrical expression, principle and concept, even to this present day!

Les Kurbas as Hetman Petro Doroshenko in ‘Sontse Ruyiny’ from samvydav booklet.

Pachkovsky’s drama used to be, in truth, a tragedy a few duration in Ukraine’s historical past referred to as the duration of smash, the failure of the Ukrainian state and being divided between the Lithuanian-Polish Commonwealth and Muscovy and the nice deal of blood shed for the territory what used to be Ukraine on the time. This duration lasted from the time of the loss of life of Hetman Bohdan Khmelynytsky (1657) to the beginning of the Hetmanate of Ivan Mazepa (1687). The center of attention of the paintings is on Hetman Petro Doroshenko, who used to be in his publish from 1665-1676.  Though within the play “The powerful, inwardly steadfast Cossacks and hetmans were replaced in the Ukrainian historical drama by a reflective hero who seeks and doubts, a hero who is not only confident in the rightness of his actions, but also with a heightened sense of guilt and remorse,” wrote theatrical specialist Iryna Volytska in a work in regards to the Theatrical early life of Les Kurbas and the trouble of forming his individuality…” cited in a 2012 newsletter entitled Life and Creativity of Les Kurbas.

One of the primary critics of the premiere in 1912 used to be the youngest of 13 youngsters, Stepan Charnetsky, from the village of Shmankivtsi, Chortkiv District, Ternopil Region. While he lavished some reward, he additionally criticized Stadnyk in his evaluate printed January 31, 1912 in Dilo – a number one newsletter of the day: “[He] failed to reveal its dramatic structure and innovative stylistic features, staged in the style of Ukrainian domestic drama,” wrote Charnetsky. At the time, Expressionism used to be turning into common in theatre, and I consider that is what Charnetsky intended.

In the spring of 1913, Charnetsky turned into creative director and manufacturer of the theatre that had premiered the play simply over a 12 months previous and he wrote: “”The creator gave me a unfastened hand to chop my lengthy, and prolonged, however gorgeous drama. I did it via slicing it via a couple of 3rd and changing the music “Oh, don’t be surprised, good people” with the brand new music “Oh, the Red Viburnum in the Meadow”, to which I composed the melody myself, and Mykhaylo Kossak created the association for wind and brass tools. The play Sun of Ruin used to be once more a theatrical vacation for each the target market and its pals!” Though Charnetsky used to be a poet, theatre and song critic, in addition to a theatre director and manufacturer, he’s best possible recognized for authoring the anthem of the Ukrainian Sich Riflemen.

Poet and director Stepan Charnetsky, who wrote ‘O u Luzi Chervona Kalyna’ from samvydav booklet.

My Relationship With Full Version of the Song

When I used to be younger and plenty of years ahead of I misplaced my father on the age 16, we might sing more than a few songs of the Ukrainian Sich Riflemen when on our travels. The riflemen have been volunteers, similar to the younger males who sacrificed their lives for Ukraine on the Battle of Kruty in January 1918.

My father used to be an Ostarbeiter who by no means had the chance to go back house to an impartial Ukraine. His existence used to be lower brief and in consequence I misplaced a part of my cultural heritage. I determined to combat on. As people we don’t all the time understand what we’re shedding, and to cite a ravishing music via Canadian Jody Mitchell:

They paved paradise and submit a carpark,
Hey now, now, don’t it all the time appear to head,
That you don’t know what you were given ’til it’s long past,
They paved paradise to position up a carpark.

Now, as a substitute of paving, Moscow bombs Ukrainian towns, kills blameless people, and its infantrymen make a decision to pillage and thieve. In addition, certainly one of their possible choices is to rape small children – those aren’t orders of Putin however possible choices made via very dangerous other folks!  They are warfare criminals.

I’ve fought battles with this sort of scum for the reason that first day the KGB got here into the yard of my brother’s godfather and threatened our fathers for being serious about any motion towards the USSR. Putin is KGB, and I haven’t relied on him in over twenty years, why have others now not understood? Moscow has been pathological liars for over 3 centuries, why would they alter now?

And now a have a look at the grit of the music that has attracted a substantial amount of consideration to Ukraine. Even for gross sales other folks in my local Montreal.

It used to be once I first visited Ukraine in July 1990 that I used to be totally presented to this music. It used to be via my pals on the Studentske bratstvo [Student Brotherhood] of Lviv. I used to be proficient a small newsletter, unlawful throughout Soviet occasions, entitled In Memory of the Ukrainian Sich Riflemen.

Samvydav booklet In Memory of Ukrainian Sich Riflemen via Libertas Civitatis, Lviv 1990.

I bear in mind my newly-found pals in Ukraine in the summertime of 1990 making a song this music frequently as a part of its repertoire in its complete, now not shortened, model, which has all the time been offered thus, although the ultimate verses aren’t within the song manuscript depicted under:

Oh, within the meadow Red Viburnum has bent down low,

For some explanation why, our superb Ukraine is in sorrow.
And we’ll take that Red Viburnum and we will be able to lift it up,
And we will cheer up our superb Ukraine, good day – good day!
And we’ll take that Red Viburnum and we will be able to lift it up,
And we will cheer up our superb Ukraine, good day – good day!

Do now not bend low, oh Red Viburnum, you might have a white flower,
Do now not fear, superb Ukraine, you might have a unfastened other folks.
And we’ll take that Red Viburnum and can lift it up,
And we will cheer up our superb Ukraine, good day – good day!
And we’ll take that Red Viburnum and can lift it up,
And we will cheer up our superb Ukraine, good day – good day!

Marching ahead, our fellow volunteers, right into a bloody dance,
For to unfastened our brother Ukrainians from adversarial chains.
And we, our brother Ukrainians, we will be able to then be liberated,
And we will cheer up our superb Ukraine, good day – good day!
And we, our brother Ukrainians, we will be able to then be liberated,
And we will cheer up our superb Ukraine, good day – good day!

Oh within the box of early spring wheat, there’s a golden furrow,
Then started the Ukrainian Riflemen to interact the enemy.
And we’ll take that valuable, early wheat and can acquire it,
And we will cheer up our superb Ukraine, good day – good day!
And we’ll take that valuable, early wheat and can acquire it,
And we will cheer up our superb Ukraine, good day – good day!

When the stormy winds blow forth from the huge steppes,
They will glorify, all over Ukraine, the Sich Riflemen.
And we’ll take the distinction of the Riflemen conserving it,
And we will cheer up our superb Ukraine, good day – good day!
And we’ll take the distinction of the Riflemen conserving it,
And we will cheer up our superb Ukraine, good day – good day!

Do now not bend low, oh Red Viburnum, develop prime,
Do now not fear, superb Ukraine, we’re your sons.
And we’ll take that Red Viburnum and we will be able to lift it up,
And we will cheer up our superb Ukraine, good day – good day!
And we’ll take the distinction of the Riflemen conserving it,
And we will cheer up our superb Ukraine, good day – good day!

Do now not bend low, oh Red Viburnum,
you might have a white flower,
Do now not fear, superb Ukraine, you might have an excellent other folks.
Oh Red Viburnum, cheer your self up together with your white flower and superb other folks,
O superb Ukraine, good day – good day!

Music sheet to music ‘O u Luiz Chervona Kalyna’ from samvydav booklet, Lviv 1990.

While some have offered this music as being in honour of the Ukrainian Sich Riflemen, this isn’t case. When Charnetsky used to be directing this play and the corporate visited Sambir on February 6, 1914, the music used to be found in its entirety because the end result of the second one act of Sun of Ruin. Its pace and marching rhythm can have contributed to it being accredited because the hymn of the Ukrainian Sich Riflemen. Those who sought after to boost up Ukraine from an overly horrible duration, each within the second and from Ukraine’s historical past of that duration of smash.

While Khvylnyuk’s goal used to be just right, it harm me! I felt that the absence of the entire verses does now not do the historical past of the Ukrainian Sich Riflemen justice.  Ukraine now has its personal volunteers who’re experiencing the wrath of its evil neighbour, although they nonetheless proceed to turn up and shield their native land. While the worldwide affect used to be sure, we should all the time perceive our intentions and affects. I don’t suppose that Khvylnyuk concept it during! I don’t want to drag him over the coals, although I do need Kyiv Post readers to grasp the overall context of this music! The barbarism of the warriors does now not encompass orders however human possible choices.

I by no means in reality knew this music in complete till my first go back and forth to the then Soviet Ukraine in 1990. I used to be proficient many alternative samvydav – self-published fabrics  that enabled me to be told new songs of the Ukrainian Sich Riflemen. It used to be on this temporary pamphlet that I noticed the songs I sang with my father on street journeys in our Volkswagen Beetle within the past due sixties.

It used to be from this little booklet, entitled “In Memory of the Ukrainian Sich Riflemen,” that I heard the title Charnetsky for the first actual time. Ukraine reveals itself in a bloody dance with Russia, and I’ve heard stated greater than as soon as: If Russia stops combating there will likely be no warfare! If Ukraine stops combating there will likely be no Ukraine!

The model of the music that includes Pink Floyd will also be seen right here.

 

 

 

 

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